Tithing Under Grace

Two kings

Tithing has become the hot-button issue of our day. Just as the early church was divided on the issue of circumcision, the modern church is divided on the issue of tithing. “You should do it.” “You should not.”

In this three-part series we’ll look at the tithe and its place in the new covenant.

Abram’s tithe

Let’s begin with the story of the first tithe. As you read this story, don’t go looking for principles or moral lessons. Instead, go looking for Jesus. (Hint: he’s represented by one of the characters in this story.)

When Abram came back from his victory over Chedorlaomer and the other kings, the king of Sodom went out to meet him in Shaveh Valley (also called King’s Valley). And Melchizedek, who was king of Salem and also a priest of the Most High God, brought bread and wine to Abram, blessed him, and said, “May the Most High God, who made heaven and earth, bless Abram! May the Most High God, who gave you victory over your enemies, be praised!” And Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of all the loot he had recovered.

The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Keep the loot, but give me back all my people.” Abram answered, “I solemnly swear before the Lord, the Most High God, Maker of heaven and earth, that I will not keep anything of yours, not even a thread or a sandal strap. Then you can never say, ‘I am the one who made Abram rich.’” (Gen 14:17-23, GNB)

This is a story of two kings. First, we have the King of Salem who represents Jesus. His name means king of righteousness and he is the prince of Salem which means peace.

Melchizedek-who-represents-Jesus shows up unexpectedly and does a most Jesusy thing: he serves communion. Remember, this was before Passover and the cross. Melchizedek appears, as out of thin air, with bread and wine and saying, “Let’s give praise and thanks to God.”

And why should we thank God? “Because, Abe, God has been good to you! He gave you this extraordinary victory. One small clan against four professional armies. Do you really think you won on your own?”

Abram could have replied, “My goodness, you’re right. We should’ve been slaughtered. Surely God was with us!” The lights go on and Abram has an encounter with grace. What does he do next? He gives God’s man a tenth of all the loot, thus treating him as a partner in his endeavor.

Now for the second king. The king of Sodom speaks a generous line – “keep the loot” – yet Abram refuses his gesture. “I want nothing from you. Not even a sandal strap.” A minute ago Abram was gushy and grateful; now he’s proud and hard. “I don’t want anyone saying you helped me.”

Clearly something has changed.

The two kings

If Melchizedek represents Jesus, the king of Sodom represents self. (Remember, Abram would not have gone to war except his nephew Lot found Sodom pleasing to the eye. Lot walked by sight, trusted his own judgment, and the result was a disaster.)

There are some neat contrasts between these two kings: Melchizedek promotes trust in God; Sodom inspires self-trust. Melchizedek is the king of righteousness; Sodom is self-righteous. Melchizedek gives grace; Sodom gives law. Melchizedek asks for nothing; Sodom says “give me.”

What do we learn from this?

If you are thinking, “God gives us grace so we can tithe,” you’ve missed Melchizedek and found Sodom. Like Lot, you’re relying on your own understanding to draw a moral lesson that is not there.

Melchizedek does not appear in the story for the purpose of extracting money from Abram. He shows up to draw attention to God’s goodness. “God gave you…” And if Melchizedek showed up unexpectedly in your story, he would say the same thing. “You are blessed because God has given you …” This is grace, and when you see it you will respond with generosity because grace begets grace. It happens effortlessly.

Melchizedek 2.0

A similar thing happened when Jesus had dinner with Zacchaeus. Like Melchizedek, Jesus showed up unexpectedly bringing the favor of God to a man who did not deserve it, and the result was generosity.

Look, Lord! Here and now I give half of my possessions to the poor, and if I have cheated anybody out of anything, I will pay back four times the amount. (Luke 19:8)

No one told Zac to give half his stuff away. It was a spontaneous and joyful act made in response to grace. When you meet the Giver of all good things, it makes you want to give.

A personal example: The other night I was driving home alone and talking to Jesus when suddenly I felt his presence with me in the car. It was so wonderful. Do you know what the first thought that came to my mind was? “I want to buy Christmas presents for my kids.” In June! This was a crazy idea yet I couldn’t wait to do it. We dressed up, had a full-on party, and it was fun.

Do you see the difference between law and grace? The law demands generosity and kills it. “You’re not getting a sandal strap!” But grace boasts of God’s goodness and asks for nothing, and the fruit is crazy generosity.

Melchizedek vs Sodom

Tithing under grace?

So is there such a thing as giving a tithe under grace? The answer has to be yes, because Abram did it. But the answer can also be no, because it didn’t happen anywhere else in scripture. It was a one-off, spur of the moment decision made in response to grace. Just because he did it doesn’t mean you should.

So what’s the takeaway?

When we imagine God speaking to us with the words of Sodom – “Give me” – we put ourselves under law. We’ll either give out of self-righteous pride, or we’ll bristle like Abram. “Not even a sandal strap!”

But when we hear Jesus speaking to us with the words of Melchizedek – “You are blessed by God Most High and he has given to you!” – we will give because grace begets grace. A generous Father has generous children. It’s in our DNA.

What should you give? There is nothing you should give but plenty you could give. You may give a tithe or a mite or half your possessions. There are no rules. You are free to give anything you like in any way you like.

You may even give Christmas presents to children in June.


If you enjoy Escape to Reality, sign up to our email list and we’ll notify you about new articles as soon they come out. No spam, we promise.

Help these messages of grace and truth go further by supporting us via our Patreon page.

11 Comments on Tithing Under Grace

  1. Two things from scripture settle it for me, ( Old testament ) 1 Chron 29 v 14 knowing the grace of God, means that whatever we give to Father God,we acknowledge it’s all His in any case, and so free to listen to what the Holy Spirit tells us to give, 2 Cor 9 v 7.purposing in your heart before hand, been lead and guided by the Holy Spirit makes us a cheerful giver, filled with joy. So simple Paul. Thanks Paul for the share. So setting free.

  2. Last Sunday at church we were told that if you are not a tither your salvation is not complete because where your treasure is that is where your heart will be.

  3. HN Vrijenhoek // September 14, 2017 at 7:04 pm // Reply

    Hi Paul, in Genesis the tenth was called a gift and in Hebrews 7:9 it is called a payment.
    Why is it also called a payment if it was just a spontaneous gift? Could it be that the tithe that Abraham gave and payed was not only a type of Jesus but also something that belongs to God in our days?

  4. Seems like some confusion here on “giving” the “tithe”. In the old covenant the tithe was never considered giving but an obligation, more like a tax. Even Christians who teach tithing as an obligation, by definition rule out it being a gift. Anything one is forced to do can never be considered giving. I see this confusion perpetuated all the time in discussions about tithing.

  5. Christian Miller // October 15, 2017 at 1:48 am // Reply

    Very powerful, freeing message! I would only ask this, when giving, does it specifically require to give material things like (money, possessions, etc) or are we tithing when we give (love, time, and grace to others in the name of Jesus)?

    • Christian Miller // October 16, 2017 at 6:34 am // Reply

      Just wondering if your insight on the above question Paul. Would love to hear feedback(:

    • The “tithe” in the Old Testament is specifically stated to be a tenth of the increase in ones physical possessions: what is a tenth of one’s love? In James 2:14-17, James gives the example of a man who gives only a blessing to a naked and starving Christian brother, but not anything tangible and substantial.
      Thus, what we should “give” should be based on the needs at hand, and should actually relieve those needs.

      If there was a New Testament apostolic scripture commanding or recommending that Christians should tithe, the burden of providing that reference falls to the tithe-advocates. I continue to wait for book, chapter, and verse.

  6. Berris-Dale Joseph // October 15, 2017 at 2:31 pm // Reply

    I have written on the topic of tithing up to the last time, days ago. I was awaiting the return of the posted messages to read what others were saying, and to also see if my message went out to the reading audience, but I did not see it return until today…

Tell us what you think (<250 words)...

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s